Journal of Internet Engineering, Vol 2, No 1 (2008)

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A Cross Layer Approach to Address TCP Intra-flow Instability in Multihop

Ehsan Hamadani, Veselin Rakocevic


Incorporating the concept of TCP end-to-end congestion control for wireless networks is one of the primary concerns in designing ad hoc networks since TCP was primarily designed and optimized based on the assumptions for wired networks. In this study, our interest lies on tackling the TCP instability and in particular intra-flow instability problem since due to the nature of applications in multihop ad hoc networks, connection instability or starvation even for a short period of time can have a negative impact on the Quality of Service and may not be acceptable for the end user. Through a detailed analysis, it will be shown that the main causes of TCP intra-flow instability lies in overloading the network by sending more packets than the capacity of the channel. Based on this, the paper proposes a novel cross layer solution called TCP Contention Control that dynamically adjusts the amount of outstanding data in the network based on the level of contention experienced by packets as well as
the throughput achieved by connections. The simulation results show TCP Contention Control can drastically improve TCP stability over 802.11 multihop ad hoc networks.

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Last Update: 23 May 2013

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